The World Bank has a short web page highlighting the work of its researchers Martin Ravillon and Shaohua Chen on poverty and inequality in China: Fighting Poverty: Findings and Lessons from China’s Success .
A very large proportion of the poverty reduction from China's reform program came in the first few years of the 1980s:
Ravillon is quoted as suggesting that this was a one-time reduction associated with picking the "low hanging fruits" of reforming China's hitherto horrible agricultural policies.
Ravillon suggests that rising income inequality may be slowing the rate of poverty reduction:
China's leadership is concerned about this:
Kathy Chen reports in today's Wall Street Journal that the next five year plan (to be renamed a five year blueprint, reflecting "the government's step-back approcha to managing the economy under a market system) will be fomulated to address inequality.
Economists say a main focus of the plan will be to address the increasing inequities between China's prosperous coastal regions and its poorer inland and rural regions...
For years, many economists and Chinese officials saw as the key to stability simply maintaining a high-enough growth rate to generate jobs and opportunities; some Chinese could get rich first and others could catch up later. But the increasing numbers of large-scale, violent protesxts over the past year or two have sparked concern at the top levels of government that more must be done to address the growting wealth gap and surging discontent over such issues as corruption, environmental degradation and soaring educational and health-care costs.
This is a short article with few specifics. It does point to to a shift in emphasis from "strong growth-expansion rates to the strengthening of social services, such as education and health care," "higher taxation of wealthier areas," and promotion of "regional economies around urban areas."
The blueprint hasn't been released. The Communist party's Central Committee meets in Beijing from October 8-11 and the blueprint is on the agenda. The National People's Congress takes it up in March.